Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
(PMGSY) was launched at the fag end of 2000-01. The primary objective of this Yojana
is to provide connectivity, by way of all weather road (with necessary culverts
and cross drainage structures which is operable throughout the year), to the unconnected
habitations in the rural areas, in such a way that habitations with a population
of 1000 persons and above are covered in 3 years (2000-03) and all unconnected habitations
with a population of 500 persons and above by the end of 10th Plan period (2007).
In respect of hill areas, the objective would be to connect habitations with a population
of 250 persons and above. The PMGSY will permit the upgradation of the existing
roads in those districts where all the habitations of the above population size
have been provided all weather road connectivity. However, the spirit and objective
is to provide good all weather road connectivity to the unconnected habitations
and as such it is required to be ensured that the provision of new connectivity
is given precedence in keeping with the objectives of the programme.
New connectivity implies construction
of roads from the earthwork stage to the desired specifications (Rural Roads Manual
– IRC SP: 20:2002) and would, therefore, invariably involve some earth work. Existing
gravel or WBM roads will not qualify to be treated as works of new connectivity
even where they involve some earth work by way of widening of the carriage way or
road formation. Work on a road which only has earthwork (and not a gravel road)
will be treated as a case of new connectivity. The primary focus of the PMGSY is
to provide all weather road connectivity to the unconnected habitations and all
weather road is one which is negotiable during all weathers. This implies that the
road bed is drained effectively by adequate cross drainage structures such as culverts,
minor bridges and cause ways. The pavement should be negotiable during all weathers
but this does not necessarily imply that it should be paved or surfaced or black
The unit of this programme is a
habitation and not a revenue village or a Panchayat. A habitation is a cluster of
population living in a area the location of which does not change over time.
The PMGSY shall cover only the rural
roads. Urban roads are excluded from the purview of this programme. Even in the
rural areas, PMGSY covers only the rural roads i.e. roads that were formerly classified
as “Other District Roads” (ODR) ad “Village Roads” (VR). Other District Roads are
roads serving rural areas of production and providing them with outlet to market
centers, block headquarters etc. Major District Roads viz. State High Ways, National
High Ways cannot be covered under PMGSY even if they happen to be in rural areas.
This implies to new connectivity roads as well as upgradation works.
The PMGSY envisages only single
road connectivity to be provided. If a habitation is already connected to another
connected habitations by way of all weather roads, then no further work can be taken
up under the PMGSY at that habitation.
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